CODD  -  Publications

when using CODD please cite:

 Wilkens, R. H., Westerhold, T., Drury, A. J., Lyle, M., Gorgas, T., and Tian, J., 2017: Revisiting the Ceara Rise, equatorial Atlantic Ocean: isotope stratigraphy of ODP Leg 154 from 0 to 5  Ma, Climate of the Past, 13, 779-793. 



Drury, A.J., Kulhanek, D.K., Westerhold, T., Ravelo, A.C., Mountain, G., Holbourn, A.E., Rosenthal, Y., Schmittner, A., Wurtzel, J.B., Xu, J., Wilkens, R.H., Röhl, U., 2021, Data report: composite depth scale and splice revision for IODP Site U1488 (Expedition 363 Western Pacific Warm Pool) using XRF core scanning data and core images. In: Rosenthal, Y., Holbourn, A.E., Kulhanek, D.K.,  and Expedition 363 Scientists (eds.) Western Pacific Warm Pool. Proceedings of the International Ocean Discovery Program, 363. IODP Publications. doi:10.14379/iodp.proc.363.205.2021


Drury, A.J., Liebrand, D., Westerhold, T., Beddow H.M., Hodell, D.A., Rohlfs, N., Wilkens, R.H., Lyle, M., Bell, D.B., Kroon, D., Pälike, H. and Lourens, L.J., 2021, Climate, cryosphere and carbon cycle controls on Southeast Atlantic orbital-scale carbonate deposition since the Oligocene (30-0Ma). Climate of the Past, 17(5). 2019-2117. doi:10.5194/cp-17-2091-2021


Westerhold, T., Marwan, N., Drury, A.J., Liebrand, D., Agnini, C., Anagnostou, E., Barnet, J.S.K., Bohaty, S.M., De Vleeschouwer, D., Florindo, F., Frederichs, T., Hodell, D.A., Holbourn, A.E., Kroon, D., Lauretano, V., Littler, K., Lourens, L.J., Lyle, M., Pälike, H., Röhl, U., Tian, J., Wilkens, R.H., Wilson, P.A., and Zachos, J.C., 2020, An astronomically dated record of Earth's climate and its predictability over the last 66 million years. Science, 369 (6509). 1383-1387. doi:10.1126/science.aba6853.   


Rivero-Cuesta, L., Westerhold, T., Agnini, C., Dallanave, E., Wilkens R. H. and Alegret, L., 2019, Paleoenvironmental changes at ODP Site 702 (South Atlantic): anatomy of the Middle Eocene Climatic Optimum. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 34, 


Cappelli, C. , Bown, P. , Westerhold, T. , Bohaty, S. , de, Riu, M. , Lobba, V. , Yamamoto, Y. and Agnini, C., 2019, The early to middle Eocene transition: an integrated calcareous nannofossil and stable isotope record from the Northwest Atlantic Ocean (IODP Site U1410). Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 34,


Lyle, M., Drury, A. J., Tian, J., Wilkens, R., and Westerhold, T., 2019, Late Miocene to Holocene high-resolution eastern equatorial Pacific carbonate records: stratigraphy linked by dissolution and paleoproductivity, Climate of the Past, 15, 1715–1739,


Barnet, J. , Littler, K. , Westerhold, T. , Kroon, D. , Leng, M. , Bailey, I. , Röhl, U. and Zachos, J., 2019, A High‐Fidelity Benthic Stable Isotope Record of Late Cretaceous–Early Eocene Climate Change and Carbon‐Cycling. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology,


Littler, K., Westerhold, T., Drury, A.J., Liebrand, D., Lisiecki, L.E. and Pälike, H., 2019, Astronomical time keeping of Earth history: An invaluable contribution of scientific ocean drilling. Oceanography, 32(1). 72-76.


Westerhold, T., Röhl, U., Donner, B., and Zachos, J. C., 2018, Global extent of early Eocene hyperthermal events: A new Pacific benthic foraminiferal isotope record from Shatsky Rise (ODP Site 1209), Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 33, 626-642,


Drury, A. J., Westerhold, T., Hodell, D., and Röhl, U., 2018, Reinforcing the North Atlantic backbone: revision and extension of the composite splice at ODP Site 982, Climate of the Past, 14, 321-338,


Westerhold, T., Röhl, U., Donner, B., Frederichs, T., Kordesch, W. E. C., Bohaty, S. M., Hodell, D. A., Laskar, J., and Zeebe, R. E., 2018, Late Lutetian Thermal Maximum - Crossing a thermal threshold in Earth’s climate system? Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 19.


Westerhold, T, Röhl, U, Wilkens, RH, Gingerich, PD, Clyde, WC, Wing, SL, Bowen, GJ and Kraus, MJ , 2018, Synchronizing early Eocene deep-sea and continental records – cyclostratigraphic age models for the Bighorn Basin Coring Project drill cores. Climate of the Past, 14(3). 303-319.


 Westerhold, T., Röhl, U., Frederichs, T., Agnini, C., Raffi, I., Zachos, J. C., and Wilkens, R. H., 2017: Astronomical calibration of the Ypresian timescale: implications for seafloor spreading rates and the chaotic behavior of the solar system?, Climate of the Past, 13, 1129-1152,, Data available online


Drury, A. J., Westerhold, T., Frederichs, T., Tian, J., Wilkens, R., Channell, J. E. T., Evans, H., John, C. M., Lyle, M., and Röhl, U., 2017: Late Miocene climate and time scale reconciliation: Accurate orbital calibration from a deep-sea perspective, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 475, 254-266,, Data available online 872722.


Grant, K. M., Rohling, E. J., Westerhold, T., Zabel, M., Heslop, D., Konijnendijk, T., and Lourens, L., 2017: A 3 million year index for North African humidity/aridity and the implication of potential pan-African Humid periods, Quaternary Science Reviews, 171, 100-118,


Vallé, F., Westerhold, T., and Dupont, L. M., 2016: Orbital-driven environmental changes recorded at ODP Site 959 (eastern equatorial Atlantic) from the Late Miocene to the Early Pleistocene: International Journal of Earth Sciences, p. 1-14, 10.1007/s00531-016-1350-z. Data available online: PANGAEA.858040.


Westerhold, T., Röhl, U., Frederichs, T., Bohaty, S. M., and Zachos, J. C. 2015: Astronomical calibration of the geological timescale: closing the middle Eocene gap, Climate of the Past, 11, 1181-1195, Data available online: PANGAEA.845986.


Bowen, G. J., Maibauer, B. J., Kraus, M. J., Röhl, U., Westerhold, T., Steimke, A., Gingerich, P. D., Wing, S. L. and Clyde, W. C. 2015Two massive, rapid releases of carbon during the onset of the Palaeocene-Eocene thermal maximum. Nature Geoscience, 8(1), 44-47,


Dinarès-Turell, J, Westerhold, T, Pujalte, V, Röhl, U and Kroon, D. 2014Astronomical calibration of the Danian stage (Early Paleocene) revisited: Settling chronologies of sedimentary records across the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 405. 119-131. Data available online:


Westerhold, T., Röhl, U., Pälike, H., Wilkens, R., Wilson, P. A., and Acton, G. 2014. Orbitally tuned timescale and astronomical forcing in the middle Eocene to early Oligocene, Climate of the Past, 10, 955-973,, 2014,  Data available online: PANGAEA.821903.


Westerhold, T., and Röhl, U., 2013. Orbital pacing of Eocene climate during the Middle Eocene Climate Optimum and the chron C19r event: Missing link found in the tropical western Atlantic. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 14, 4811-4825,, 2013.  Data available online:


Wilkens, R.H., Dickens, G.R., Tian, J., Backman, J., and the Expedition 320/321 Scientists, 2013. Data report: revised composite depth scales for Sites U1336, U1337, and U1338. In Pälike, H., Lyle, M., Nishi, H., Raffi, I., Gamage, K., Klaus, A., and the Expedition 320/321 Scientists, Proc. IODP, 320/ 321: Tokyo (Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc.). http://doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.320321.209.2013


Westerhold, T., Röhl, U., Wilkens, R., Pälike, H., Lyle, M., Dunkley Jones, T., Bown, P., Moore, T., Kamikuri, S., Acton, G., Ohneiser, C., Yamamoto, Y., Richter, C., Fitch, P., Scher, H., Liebrand, D., and Expeditions 320/321 scientists, 2012. Revised composite depth scales and integration of IODP Sites U1331-U1334 and ODP Sites 1218-1220.  In Pälike, H., Lyle, M., Nishi, H., Raffi, I., Gamage, K., Klaus, A., and the Expedition 320/321 Scientists, Proc. IODP, 320/321: Tokyo (Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc.),  Data available online:


Wilkens, R.H., Niklis, N., and Frazer, M., 2009. Data report: digital core images as data: an example from IODP Expedition 303. In Channell, J.E.T., Kanamatsu, T., Sato, T., Stein, R., Alvarez Zarikian, C.A., Malone, M.J., and the Expedition 303/306 Scientists, Proc. IODP, 303/306: College Station, TX (Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc.). doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.303306.201.2009